How Many People are in the World?

The ever expanding world population arises the greater question of how the planet’s limited resources will be used among so many people. We already know that resources are not distributed equally. The wealthy populations in the West use far more oil based resources than the combined people of developing nations, … Read more

The History of Bartering: Still Has A Place Today

Barter is a method of exchange by which goods or services are directly exchanged for other goods or services without using a medium of exchange, such as money. The history of bartering extends back to early human existence. Yet today, bartering still has its place in modern life, as a … Read more

Ithaca Hours and How They Work

What are ithaca hours? | How They Work? The Ithaca HOUR is a local currency used in Ithaca, New York and is the oldest and largest local currency system in the United States that is still in operation. The basic premise of the Ithaca HOURS is that one Ithaca HOUR … Read more

How is Electricity Made?

Electricity supplies every whim in modern life. It powers our lights, cars, keeps us warm or cool. Interestingly there is a diversity of ways to make electricity, although not all ways are preferred. In short, electricity is produced by converting kinetic energy (or physical movement) with the use of a … Read more

What is Fermentation?

Think of some of your favorite foods. Yogurt, bread, sauerkraut, pickles. Drinks? Beer, cider, kombucha. What do they have in common? They’re fermented. Fermentation not only makes food nutritious and tasty, it’s also an ancient form of food preservation, born from time-honored rituals that were practiced long before anyone could … Read more

Why Upcycling is Better than Recycling

The dirty, dusty feel of the dull grey paper in your hands and the less than happy smell is the recycled paper from which you read today’s news. That same paper can be thrown away to decay in a dump or be recycled, where parts of it will be transformed … Read more

Easy Yogurt Recipe: The Magic of Fermentation!

To make yogurt, you’ll need milk. Whatever the amount of milk you use will be the amount of yogurt it yields. For this recipe, we’ll use a half gallon. You’ll also need some store-bought yogurt with active cultures. You’ll also need two pots which can nest within one another, to … Read more

Organic Food Preservation Methods: Beyond Canning

Organic Food Preservation Definition, Importance, & Methods Food preservation has long been a necessary pursuit of humans through the ages. While short term food preservation methods are largely dominated by today’s refrigerators, and long term preservation is dominated by canning or freezing, our ancient cultures thrived without such technology by … Read more

Sustainability Grants: An Introduction

Caring for the environment is a good cause, especially considering its present state. Anyone can start from simple things at home like; sorting rubbish for recycling, turning off electrical appliances, conserving water, and using chemical-free cleaning fluids. However noble these simple practices are, there is still a need for actions … Read more

Ecotourism in South Africa

The International Ecotourism Society, also known as TIES, defines ecotourism as “responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and improves the well-being of local people.” South Africa is still a developing country and many still live under the internationally established line of poverty. It is a country that … Read more

History of Tidal Energy

Harvesting energy from the tides is a surprisingly old method; the technology has improved and changed through time but the general concept of using the waxing and waning of the moon and the correlating tides has remained constant. Europe during the early Middle Ages is the one of the first … Read more