The History of Bartering: Still Has A Place Today

Barter is a method of exchange by which goods or services are directly exchanged for other goods or services without using a medium of exchange, such as money. The history of bartering extends back to early human existence. Yet today, bartering still has its place in modern life, as a … Read more

Ithaca Hours and How They Work

What are ithaca hours? | How They Work? The Ithaca HOUR is a local currency used in Ithaca, New York and is the oldest and largest local currency system in the United States that is still in operation. The basic premise of the Ithaca HOURS is that one Ithaca HOUR … Read more

The Causes of Global Warming: Natural or Man Made?

Global warming (also referred to as Climate Change) is a complex issue which is difficult to tease out the human and the non-human causes. The precise causes of global warming are not crystal clear; whether humans are the cause, the Earth’s natural cycle or a combination of both is still … Read more

What is Brackish Water?

You may have heard the term before, but what is brackish water? Simply it is a mixture of both saltwater and freshwater. Naturally brackish conditions create a unique habitat for plant and animal life. On the other-hand, brackish conditions that are created by humans typically harms the pre-existing environmental habitat-permanently, … Read more

How is Electricity Made?

Electricity supplies every whim in modern life. It powers our lights, cars, keeps us warm or cool. Interestingly there is a diversity of ways to make electricity, although not all ways are preferred. In short, electricity is produced by converting kinetic energy (or physical movement) with the use of a … Read more

What is Fermentation?

Think of some of your favorite foods. Yogurt, bread, sauerkraut, pickles. Drinks? Beer, cider, kombucha. What do they have in common? They’re fermented. Fermentation not only makes food nutritious and tasty, it’s also an ancient form of food preservation, born from time-honored rituals that were practiced long before anyone could … Read more